Throughout the evolution of humankind, language and its features have played a significant role. It has helped to develop communication which, in turn, has enabled us to express our thoughts, ideas, and views on various subjects.
In today’s time, strong communication skill is mandatory to communicate through written and verbal means. In this guide, we will talk on various English language features and the types of language techniques which are essential to master the art of writing academic, formal, or informal document.
Before we learn about the language features in writing, let’s first understand the basics. So, what is a language feature? A language feature definition states that it is a literary device which helps the readers to understand a text. English language features help a reader to identify unique language techniques and simplify a text for better understanding.
What are the types of language features in writing? The list of language features is endless, and it can come as quite a challenge trying to learn them all at once. Hence, to help you understand and assimilate, below, we have discussed some of the commonly used language features with relevant examples.
Writers use various types of language features to create an impression on their readers. In exams, professors often ask students to identify language features used in the text to describe a situation and how the identified features affect the reader.
If you are wondering what are linguistic features and the types, here's a list of standard language features with examples and their effects.
Example: "As big as a whale."
Effect: Helps to increase the understanding of a reader by comparing it to something else
Example: "drowning in-depth."
Effect: Clear visualisation due to the comparison
Example: "the leaves danced with the wind."
Effect: By assigning a human aspect, it gives life to the object
Example: “pop”, “crunch”
Effect: The sound of words suggests action
Example: "Reuse, renew, recycle."
Effect: Sound created helps to reinforce an idea
Example: "Moonlit pool."
Effect: Sound created helps to reinforce an idea
Example: “Green” is a colour but used to talk about the “environment” or as a “go” signal
Effect: It helps imply another meaning rather than the literal meaning
Example: “I have hundreds of assignments to do.”
Effect: Stresses on creating a dramatic effect
Example: “This is sick. Incredibly Sick"
Effect: Emphasises on the original idea
Example: "Do you think that I've got a money tree?"
Effect: Creates a dramatic impact on the readers
Also Read: Rhetorical Analysis Essay
Example: "Freedom, justice, and equality."
Effect: Strengthens a primary idea/argument
Example: "hard-hearted" or "heartbreaking."
Effect: Builds a sentimental scenario
Example: “His hand was as soft as a rock.”
Effect: Funny, expresses a writer's attitude on the subject.
Example: “Santa Claus' helpers are known as subordinate Clauses.”
Effect: Witty and fun effect
Example: "Don't cause a ruckus."
Effect: Writer comes across with a casual tone
Example: "bittersweet" or "sweet sorrow."
Effect: Creates a dramatic effect and makes a reader ponder about the contradicting ideas
Now that we have discussed some of the most commonly used language features let’s dig deeper and learn the types of language features techniques used for writing.
Different language techniques allow a writer to make their work stand out. We will now discuss the types, effects, and examples of some common language techniques.
Example: Lord Voldemort from the Harry Potter series
Effect: Different ideologies which create a conflict
Example: The tale of a Tortoise and the Hare from Aesop’s Fables
Effect: Gives an insight into the writer's mind and his morality
Example: "Every day, every night, in every way, she is getting better and better."
Effect: Adds prominence and rhythm to the ideas to catch the reader’s attention
Example: “ball is in your court” or “beat around the bush”
Effect: Helps to elaborate the language and convey an indirect message to the targeted audience
Example: "It was dark and foggy. She whiffed the aroma of brewed coffee."
Effect: Generates a vibrant image of a scene to help readers imagine the characters and scenes precisely
Example: "The white dove lay still in the pool of blood."
Effect: Develops a comparison between two dissimilar things to evoke readers’ interest
Example: "Yellow rose is the symbol of friendship."
Effect: Adds double levels of meanings which is far more profound than the literal one
Example: A Christmas Carol: compassion and forgiveness, isolation, transformation, choices, time, family, memory, guilt
Effect: Brings together all essential elements of a narrative and gives readers a better understanding of the main character’s struggles
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